Glossary of Terms

A person who registers with the Industry Training Authority and pursues an industry training program — combining work-based training with technical or institution-based training — with the intent of obtaining an industry training credential.

Challengers/Challenge Process
Individuals who have not participated in a formal apprenticeship program in Canada, but who have been assessed and approved to undergo final certification assessment requirements based on their prior experience and existing skills.

Recognition that an individual has met the requirements of an industry training program either through participation in a formal apprenticeship program or through a challenge process. In BC, credentials take the form of provincial Certificates of Qualification (often issued with inter- provincial or Red Seal endorsements), Certificates of Apprenticeship, and Certificates of Completion (foundation programs).

Direct Access
An information management system designed to track system-wide performance, and provide apprentices and sponsors with the ability to register, access program information, check transcripts, enter training hours and trigger recommendation letters.

Competency-Based Assessment
Any of a range of standards-based means of assessing competency — such as interviews and observation of the practical application of defined skills — that are alternatives to written examinations.

Foundation Programs
Pre-apprenticeship and primarily school-based programs (including those formerly known as Entry Level Trades Training Programs) directly aligned with apprenticeship programs, and providing an entry point by which participants can earn credit for Level 1 technical training without the need for a sponsor who has committed to provide work-based training.

Sector Advisory Group (SAG)
An industry-driven group intended to advise government and ITA on sector-specific issues key to skills training in the province.  The groups are voluntary and receive no funding by government or ITA.  Membership is determined by industry with representation from small, medium and large-sized employers, and from contractor, aboriginal and labour stakeholder communities around the province. Ten potential SAGs (Terms of Reference) representing key sectors of the economy have been identified, with the expectation that they will be constituted in 2015/16.

Industry Relations Department
ITA has introduced an Industry Relations Department led by a Director and staffed with four Industry Relations Advisors (IRAs).  The Industry Relations Department is tasked with helping ITA to better understand, communicate and respond to each industry's needs in BC. The Industry Relations team works closely with the Sector Advisory Groups, leverages ITA’s network of 15 Apprenticeship Advisors, and includes other mechanisms for ensuring industry has a voice.

Industry Training Program
Any of a number of occupation-specific programs involving defined competencies and standards, assessment tools and a credential to be awarded upon successful completion. Includes both apprenticeship and foundation programs.

Labour Market Agreement (LMA)
Bilateral agreements under which the federal government provides funding for specific labour market initiatives for which the province then assumes responsibility to design and deliver.

Occupational Performance Standards
Precise documentation of the level of workplace performance, based on defined criteria, expected by industry of a competent individual within a particular occupation.

Program Development Officer (PDO)
ITA has created an internal capability to integrate current data, best practices, industry requirements and program standards in the development of trades training programs.  A team of Program Development Officers (PDOs), reporting to the Director, Standards and Assessment, work closely with both subject matter experts in the field and instructors to ensure that BC’s trades training meets the current needs of industry.  The PDO team supports and guides the development of standardized training outcomes, tools, assessments and program design.

Red Seal
A national program providing a standardized endorsement for specific occupations/trades and allowing for greater labour mobility across provincial/territorial boundaries. Upon successful completion of a Red Seal exam, a Red Seal endorsement is added to the provincial credential.

A qualified individual or other legal entity (often, but not necessarily, an employer) that commits to ensuring that an apprentice receives work- based training relevant to his or her industry training program, and under the direction of one or more qualified individuals.

Standard Level Exams (SLE)
Examinations developed by ITA for standardized use by training providers in determining successful completion of a specific level of a multi-year apprenticeship program.

Technical Training
The institution-based (in-class or distance education) component of an industry training program that provides a combination of theoretical knowledge and practical skills to complement work-based training.

Utilization Rates
The proportion of available spaces within ITA-funded technical training programs that were actually filled by training participants (including programs offered at public post-secondary institutions, by private trainers, and as part of pilot programs).